Bisphenol A (BPA), an estrogenic compound, is used in manufacturing plastics and is known to produce toxic effects on various systems in man and animals. Since the use of plastics in day-to-day life is increasing, exposure to BPA will also increase. Therefore, this study was undertaken to determine the median lethal dose (LD50) of BPA via intraperitoneal and intravenous route in adult rats (by Dixon's up and down method) and also to know the acute systemic changes (in blood pressure, respiration and ECG) produced by lethal dose of BPA. Adult female albino rats of Charles Foster strain were used in the study. LD50 of BPA was 841 and 35.26 mg/kg body weight for ip and iv route, respectively. Injection of lethal dose of BPA (40 mg/kg body weight) produced acute toxicity manifesting as immediate respiratory arrest and hypotension after the injection of BPA followed by bradycardia. The animals died within 7.3 +/- 0.7 min. Volume of ethanol (vehicle; 0.1 mL) present in the lethal dose of BPA was not lethal and had no effect on respiration, blood pressure and heart rate. The results provide evidence that the acute exposure to BPA produces lethality with a very narrow range of lethal and survival dose for iv route. Further, the lethality appears to be due to respiratory arrest and hypotension.
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